Dusty Springfield出生于英格兰恩菲尔德的一个充满音乐的家庭,他们就读于天主教女子学校。她的父亲Gerard O’Brien是在英属印度长大的会计师,她的母亲Catherine O’Brien在爱尔兰特拉利的一个爱尔兰家庭长大。她的哥哥狄奥尼修斯后来被称为汤姆斯普林菲尔德。年轻的玛丽奥布莱恩因其作为一名喜欢在附近与男孩踢足球的假小子的名声而获得了“Dusty”的绰号。她12岁时第一次唱歌。她在当地一家唱片店唱了欧文柏林的歌曲“当午夜Choo Choo离开Alabam”。在1960年离开Lana Sisters之后,斯普林菲尔德与她的兄弟Tom和Reshad Feild组成了民谣三人组合The Springfields。他们在Dusty,Tom和Tim Springfield的舞台上演出。该乐队在全国流行音乐排行榜上取得了成功:他们的单曲“梦想之岛”在英国流行单曲排行榜上名列第五,并在美国以“Silver Threads and Golden Needles”攀升至第20位。 – 当时英国集团在美国排行榜上的最高位置。这三人前往田纳西州的纳什维尔,在山上录制了一张正宗的美国民谣民谣民歌。在她青少年时期,Dusty Springfield和她的兄弟Tom一起在民间俱乐部演出。 1958年,她试镜成为Lana姐妹团体的一员。 (他们不是真正的姐妹。)这三人在整个英格兰巡回演出并出现在全国电视节目中。斯普林菲尔德在现场表演和时尚与化妆实验方面的经验影响了她作为独唱流行歌星的未来转折。斯普林菲尔德在美国的第一个十大热门歌曲出现在1964年,她录制了Burt Bacharach和Hal David的歌曲“Wishin’和Hopin’。”到今年年底,她赢得了世界上最畅销的女性录音艺术家之一的认可。
渴望选择自己的艺术指导,Dusty Springfield决定在1963年末离开The Springfields并开始独唱生涯。 1963年11月发行,Dusty的第一首单曲“我只想和你在一起”,在斯普林菲尔德举行告别音乐会后三周就开店。使用类似于Phil Spector Wall of Sound技术的制作风格,这首歌超越了前三重奏的成功。这首歌在英国流行单曲榜上排名第4,在美国排名第12。在1965年的San Remo意大利歌曲节上,Dusty Springfield参加了比赛但未能进入决赛。然而,她听到这首歌“Io Che Non Vivo(Senza Te)”现场表演,并说它让她感动得流下眼泪,尽管她不理解任何一句话。一年后,她录制并发行了一首英文版的歌曲“你不必说你爱我”。它在英国排名第一,在全球排名前十,包括美国在内.20世纪60年代中期,斯普林菲尔德在向英国介绍摩城音响方面起到了至关重要的作用。她帮助设计了第一个英国电视节目。热门节目Ready,Steady,Go中的Temptations,The Supremes和Stevie Wonder!在她的职业生涯中,美国的R&B音乐影响了斯普林菲尔德的声音。艾瑞莎富兰克林是她的顶级音乐英雄之一。斯普林菲尔德的旅行结果是孟菲斯的专辑Dusty。她与传奇制片人Arif Mardin,Tom Dowd和Jerry Wexler合作。出现在录音中的音乐家包括备用歌唱团Sweet Inspirations和支持工作室乐队Memphis Cats。在录音期间,斯普林菲尔德建议大西洋唱片公司的高管签下新成立的英国摇滚乐队Led Zeppelin。基于她的推荐,该集团获得了前所未有的20万美元签约奖金。到20世纪60年代末,斯普林菲尔德的商业成功开始消退。她尝试了一种当代受爵士乐影响的声音,其结果略显流行。在十年初的早些时候回到斯普林菲尔德的旅行,她前往美国田纳西州的孟菲斯录制了一张R&B专辑。她与大西洋唱片公司(Atlantic Records)签订了合约,这是艾瑞莎富兰克林(Aretha Franklin)的众多顶级美国R&B艺术家之家。 1942年末,孟菲斯会议中的Dusty首次发行了单曲“传教士之子”。它很快成为斯普林菲尔德的标志性歌曲之一,在大西洋两岸达到前10名。不幸的是,专辑本身未能畅销。它在美国专辑榜上排名第99,未能在英国排行榜。自1969年发行以来,Dusty在孟菲斯的声誉大幅提升。事实上,这张专辑现在被认为是斯普林菲尔德最精彩的时刻和流行音乐的里程碑。它于2001年入选格莱美名人堂,并被Rolling Stone杂志评为有史以来前100名专辑之一。

英国利物浦大学传媒学Assignment代写:Biography of Dusty Springfield

Born to a music-loving family in Enfield, England, Dusty Springfield attended a Catholic girls’ school. Her father, Gerard O’Brien, was an accountant raised in British India, and her mother, Catherine O’Brien, grew up in an Irish family in Tralee, Ireland. Her older brother, Dionysius, later became known as Tom Springfield. Young Mary O’Brien earned the nickname “Dusty” due to her reputation as a tomboy who liked to play football with boys in her neighborhood. She recorded herself singing for the first time at age 12. She sang the Irving Berlin song “When the Midnight Choo Choo Leaves for Alabam” at a local record store. After leaving the Lana Sisters in 1960, Springfield formed the folk-pop trio The Springfields with her brother Tom and Reshad Feild. They performed under the stage names Dusty, Tom, and Tim Springfield. The group found success on the national pop charts: their single “Island of Dreams” was an international hit and peaked at #5 on the U.K. pop singles chart, and they climbed to #20 in the U.S. with “Silver Threads and Golden Needles”—the highest position a British group had ever reached on the U.S. charts at that time. The trio traveled to Nashville, Tennessee to record an authentic American folk album Folk Songs from the Hills. In her late teen years, Dusty Springfield performed in folk clubs with her brother Tom. In 1958, she auditioned to be part of the group the Lana Sisters. (They were not actual sisters.) The trio toured throughout England and appeared on national TV shows. Springfield’s experience with live performances and experimentation with fashion and makeup influenced her future turn as a solo pop star. Springfield’s first top 10 hit in the U.S. came in 1964 with her recording of the Burt Bacharach and Hal David song “Wishin’ and Hopin’.” By the end of the year, she earned recognition as one of the bestselling female recording artists in the world.
Eager to choose her own artistic direction, Dusty Springfield decided to leave The Springfields in late 1963 and embark on a solo career. Released in November 1963, Dusty’s first single, “I Only Want to Be With You,” hit stores just three weeks after The Springfields performed their farewell concert. Using a production style similar to the Phil Spector Wall of Sound technique, the song was a smash hit that surpassed the success of the former trio. The song reached #4 on the U.K. pop singles chart and #12 in the U.S. At the 1965 San Remo Italian Song Festival, Dusty Springfield competed but failed to make the final. However, she heard the song “Io Che Non Vivo (Senza Te)” performed live and said that it moved her to tears, even though she didn’t understand any of the words. A year later, she recorded and released an English-language version of the song titled “You Don’t Have to Say You Love Me.” It was a #1 smash in the U.K. and a top 10 pop hit around the world including in the U.S. In the mid-1960s, Springfield played a crucial role in introducing the Motown Sound to the U.K. She helped engineer the first U.K. television performances by The Temptations, The Supremes, and Stevie Wonder on the hit show Ready, Steady, Go! in 1965. Throughout her career, American R&B music influenced Springfield’s sound. Aretha Franklin was one of her top musical heroes. The result of Springfield’s trip was the album Dusty in Memphis. She worked with legendary producers Arif Mardin, Tom Dowd, and Jerry Wexler. Among the musicians who appear on the recording are the backup singing group Sweet Inspirations and backing studio band the Memphis Cats. During the recording sessions, Springfield suggested that the Atlantic Records executives sign the newly formed British rock group Led Zeppelin. Based largely on her recommendation, the group received an unprecedented $200,000 signing bonus. By the late 1960s, Springfield’s commercial success began to fade. She tried a contemporary jazz-influenced sound with marginally popular results. Echoing her trip with The Springfields early in the decade, she traveled to Memphis, Tennessee in the U.S. to record an R&B album. She signed a contract with Atlantic Records, the label home to Aretha Franklin among many other top American R&B artists. The first release from the Dusty in Memphis sessions was the single “Son of a Preacher Man” released in late 1968. It soon became one of Springfield’s signature songs, reaching the top 10 on both sides of the Atlantic. Unfortunately, the album itself failed to sell well. It peaked at #99 on the U.S. album chart and failed to chart in the U.K. The reputation of Dusty in Memphis has grown tremendously since its 1969 release. In fact, the album is now recognized as Springfield’s finest moment and a pop music landmark. It was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2001 and recognized by Rolling Stone magazine as one of the top 100 albums of all time.

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