贫困是一种社会条件,其特点是缺乏基本生存所必需的资源,或者必须满足人们生活所需的某种最低生活水平。确定贫困的收入水平因地而异,因此社会科学家认为,最好根据生存条件来定义,例如缺乏食物,衣服和住所。贫困人口通常经历持续的饥饿或饥饿,教育和医疗保健不足或缺乏,并且通常与主流社会疏远。贫困是全球范围内和国家内物质资源和财富分配不均的结果。社会学家将其视为社会的社会条件,其收入和财富的分配不平等和不公平,西方社会的去工业化以及全球资本主义的剥削效应。贫困不是一个平等机会的社会条件。在世界各地和美国境内,妇女,儿童和有色人种比白人男性更容易遭受贫困。虽然这种描述提供了对贫困的一般理解,但社会学家认识到它的一些不同类型。

英国肯特大学HRM Essay代写:了解贫困及其各种类型

Poverty is a social condition that is characterized by the lack of resources necessary for basic survival or necessary to meet a certain minimum level of living standards expected for the place where one lives. The income level that determines poverty is different from place to place, so social scientists believe that it is best defined by conditions of existence, like lack of access to food, clothing, and shelter. People in poverty typically experience persistent hunger or starvation, inadequate or absent education and health care, and are usually alienated from mainstream society. Poverty is a consequence of the uneven distribution of material resources and wealth on a global scale and within nations. Sociologists see it as a social condition of societies with an unequal and inequitable distribution of income and wealth, of the de-industrialization of Western societies, and the exploitative effects of global capitalism. Poverty is not an equal opportunity social condition. Around the world and within the U.S., women, children, and people of color are far more likely to experience poverty than are white men. While this description offers a general understanding of poverty, sociologists recognize a few different types of it.

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