性取向,有时被称为“性取向”,描述了一个人对男人,女人,两者或两性都没有情感,浪漫或性吸引力的感受。根据美国心理学会(APA)的说法,性取向“也指一个人的身份感 – 基于那些景点,相关行为,以及共享这些景点的其他社区的成员资格。”数十年的临床研究表明,个人性取向存在于从对生物性别的人的专属吸引力到对同一生物性别的人的专属吸引力的范围内。最常讨论的性取向谱类别是:异性恋:吸引异性的人;
同性恋或同性恋(首选术语):吸引同性别的人;双性恋:吸引男性和女性;或无性:对男性或女性都没有性吸引力。不太经常遇到的性取向身份类别包括“泛性”,对人们的性,浪漫或情感吸引力,不论其生理性别或性别认同,以及“多性欲”,对多个但不是所有性别的性吸引力。虽然这些类别的吸引力与世界各地的文化类似,但它们远不是当今使用的唯一性取向标签。例如,不确定性吸引力的人可能会将自己称为“质疑”或“好奇”。四十多年来,美国心 理学会强调同性恋,双性恋和无性恋不是精神疾病的形式,而且不值得他们的历史负面耻辱和由此产生的歧视。 “异性恋行为和同性恋行为都是人类性行为的正常方面,”APA表示。

新西兰梅西大学心理学论文代写:从心理学角度看性取向

Sexual orientation, sometimes called “sexual preference,” describes a person’s pattern of feelings of emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction to men, women, both, or neither sex. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), sexual orientation “also refers to a person’s sense of identity-based on those attractions, related behaviors, and membership in a community of others who share those attractions.” Decades of clinical research indicate that individual sexual orientations exist along a spectrum ranging from an exclusive attraction to persons of the opposite biological sex to an exclusive attraction to persons of the same biological sex. The most commonly discussed categories of sexual orientation spectrum are: Heterosexual: attraction to persons of the opposite sex;
Homosexual or gay/lesbian (the preferred terms): attraction to persons of the same sex; Bisexual: attraction to both men and women; or Asexual: not sexually attracted to either men or women. Less often encountered categories of sexual orientation identities include, “pansexual,” the sexual, romantic or emotional attraction towards people regardless of their biological sex or gender identity, and “polysexual,” the sexual attraction to multiple, but not all, genders. While these categories of attraction are similar to those applied in cultures worldwide, they are far from the only labels of sexual orientation used today. For example, persons who feel unsure of their sexual attractions may refer to themselves as “questioning” or “curious.” For over four decades, the American Psychological Association has stressed that homosexuality, bisexuality, and asexuality are not forms of mental illness and are not deserving of their historically negative stigma and resulting discrimination. “Both heterosexual behavior and homosexual behavior are normal aspects of human sexuality,” states the APA.

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