俄罗斯民间传说源于斯拉夫异教传统。 早在俄罗斯在10世纪采用基督教之前，民间故事，歌曲和仪式就已经成为一种既定的艺术形式。 一旦基督教成为俄罗斯的官方宗教，神职人员就竭力压制民间传说，担心它的核心过于异教。 由于神职人员往往是唯一知道如何阅读和写作的人，直到19世纪才有官方的民间传说。 在此之前，只有随意收藏的是17和18世纪的外国爱好者对俄罗斯文化感兴趣。 在19世纪，对民间文学艺术的兴趣激增导致了几个收藏。 然而，口头传说在写下来时经历了重大的编辑修改，并且经常反映出19世纪流行的观点。
Russian folklore stems from the pagan tradition of Slav. Folklore, songs and ceremonies have become an established art form long before Russia adopted Christianity in the 10th century. Once Christianity became the official religion of Russia, clergymen tried to suppress folklore, fearing that its core was too pagan. Since the clergy were often the only ones who knew how to read and write, it was not until the 19th century that there were official folklore. Prior to this, only the random collection of foreign enthusiasts in the 17th and 18th centuries was interested in Russian culture. In the 19th century, the surge in interest in folklore led to several collections. However, oral tales have undergone major editorial changes when they were written, and often reflect the prevailing views of the 19th century.