与经济学中讨论的大多数成本不同,机会成本并不一定涉及金钱。任何行动的机会成本只是该行动的下一个最佳替代方案:如果您没有做出选择,您将会做些什么?机会成本的概念对于任何事物的真实成本是你必须放弃的所有事物的总和这一观点至关重要。通常,做出选择包括两种类型的成本:显式和隐式。显性成本是货币支出,而隐性成本是无形的,因此难以解释。在某些情况下,例如周末计划,机会成本的概念仅包括这些放弃的替代方案或隐性成本。但在其他方面,例如企业的利润最大化,机会成本是指这种隐性成本总额的差异,以及第一选择和下一个最佳替代方案之间更典型的明确货币成本。机会成本仅考虑行动的下一个最佳替代方案,而不是整套替代方案,并考虑到两个选择之间的所有差异。我们实际上每天都在处理机会成本的概念。例如,一天工作的选项可能包括去看电影,呆在家里观看棒球比赛,或者和朋友一起去喝咖啡。选择去看电影意味着该行动的机会成本是第二选择。同样,个人在日常生活中权衡个人机会成本,这些成本通常包括与明确的隐性成本一样多。例如,称重工作机会包括分析更多的福利,而不仅仅是工资。高薪工作并不总是被选择的选择,因为当您考虑诸如医疗保健,休假,地点,工作职责和幸福等福利时,低薪工作可能更适合。在这种情况下,工资差异将是机会成本的一部分,但不是全部。同样,在工作中额外工作几小时可以提供更多的工资,但却要花费更多时间在工作之外做事,这是一个就业机会成本。机会成本的概念尤其重要,因为在经济学中,几乎所有的商业成本都包括机会成本的一些量化。为了做出决策,我们必须考虑收益和成本,我们通常通过边际分析来做到这一点。企业通过权衡边际收益和边际成本来实现利润最大化。在考虑运营成本时,最赚钱的是什么?投资的机会成本将涉及所选投资的回报与其他投资的回报之间的差异。

新西兰梅西大学经济学Assignment代写:机会成本

Unlike most costs discussed in economics, an opportunity cost doesn’t necessarily involve money. The opportunity cost of any action is simply the next best alternative to that action: What you would have done if you didn’t make the choice that you made? The notion of opportunity cost is critical to the idea that the true cost of anything is the sum of all the things that you have to give up. Generally, making choices includes two types of cost: explicit and implicit. Explicit costs are monetary expenses, while implicit costs are intangible and therefore hard to account for. In some cases, such as weekend plans, the notion of opportunity cost includes only these forgone alternatives, or implicit costs. But in others, such as a business’s profit maximization, opportunity cost refers to the difference in the total of this type of implicit cost and the more typical explicit monetary cost between the first choice and the next best alternative. Opportunity cost considers only the next best alternative to an action, not the entire set of alternatives, and takes into account all of the differences between the two choices. We actually deal with the concept of opportunity cost every day. For example, options for a day off work might include going to the movies, staying home to watch a baseball game, or going out to coffee with friends. Choosing to go to the movies means the opportunity cost of that action is the second choice. Likewise, individuals weigh personal opportunity costs in everyday life, and these often include as many implicit costs as explicit. For example, weighing job offers includes analyzing more perks than just wages. A higher-paying job isn’t always the chosen option because when you factor in benefits like health care, time off, location, work duties, and happiness, a lower-paying job might be a better fit. In this scenario, the difference in wages would be part of the opportunity cost, but not all of it. Likewise, working additional hours at a job offers more in wages earned but comes at the expense of more time to do things outside of work, which is an opportunity cost of employment. The concept of opportunity cost is particularly important because, in economics, almost all business costs include some quantification of opportunity cost. To make decisions, we must consider benefits and costs, and we often do this through marginal analysis. Firms maximize profits by weighing marginal revenue against marginal cost. What will make the most money when considering the operating costs? The opportunity cost of an investment would involve the difference between the return on the chosen investment and the return on the other investment.

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