新西兰梅西大学金融Essay代写:供应链管理

供应是这4个类别的函数。让我们更仔细地看看每一个决定因素的供应。价格可能是供应最明显的决定因素。随着企业产出价格的增加,生产这种产出变得更有吸引力,企业也希望提供更多的产出。经济学家把供给量随价格增加而增加的现象称为供给规律。毫不奇怪,企业在做出生产决策时,不仅要考虑生产投入的成本,还要考虑产出的价格。生产投入或生产要素是劳动和资本等东西,所有生产投入都有自己的价格。例如,工资是劳动价格,利率是资本价格。当生产投入的价格增加时,生产就变得不那么有吸引力了,企业愿意供应的数量也减少了。相比之下,当生产投入的价格下降时,企业愿意提供更多的产出。从经济意义上讲,技术是指将投入转化为产出的过程。据说当生产效率更高时,技术就会增加。举例来说,当企业能够从相同数量的投入中产生比以往更多的产出时。或者,技术进步可以被认为是从较少的投入中获得与过去相同的产出。另一方面,据说,当企业以相同数量的投入产出少于以往的产出时,或者当企业需要比以往更多的投入来生产相同数量的产出时,技术就会减少。技术的这个定义包括人们听到这个术语时通常想到的,但是它也包括影响生产过程的其他因素,这些因素通常不被认为是技术标题下的。例如,从经济意义上讲,提高柑橘种植者产量的不寻常的好天气就是技术进步。此外,从经济角度来看,政府规定高效但污染严重的生产过程为非法的做法是减少技术。技术的增加使得生产更具吸引力(因为技术增加降低了单位生产成本),所以技术的增加增加了产品的供应量。另一方面,技术的减少使得生产的吸引力降低(因为技术降低了每单位成本的增加),所以技术的减少减少了产品的供应量。期望是供给的决定因素 正如需求一样,对未来供应决定因素的预期,即未来价格、未来投入成本和未来技术,往往会影响企业目前愿意供应的产品的数量。然而,与供应的其他决定因素不同,对预期影响的分析必须逐一进行。 新西兰梅西大学金融Essay代写:供应链管理 Supply is a function of these four categories. Let's take a closer look at the supply of each determinant. Price may be the most obvious determinant of supply. With the increase of output price, the production of such output becomes more attractive, and enterprises also hope to provide more output. Economists call the phenomenon that supply increases with price the law of supply. Not surprisingly, when making production decisions, enterprises should consider not only the cost of production input, but also the price of output. Production inputs or factors of production are labor and capital, and all production inputs have their own prices. For example, wages are labor prices and interest rates are capital prices. When the price of production input increases, production becomes less attractive and the number of enterprises willing to supply decreases. In contrast, when the price of production input falls, enterprises are willing to provide more output. In economic sense, technology refers to the process...
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新西兰梅西大学金融Essay代写:债券估值

在债券估值方面,有几个因素在起作用。例如,发行公司的信用评级可以影响债券的市场价格。发行实体的信用评级越高,投资风险越小,债券的价值也越高。可能影响债券市场价格的其他因素包括到期日或到期前的剩余时间。最后,也许与期限利差相关的最重要因素是票面利率,特别是与当时的一般利率环境相比。鉴于固定利率息票债券将支付相同的面值百分比,债券的市场价格将随着时间的推移而变化,具体取决于当前的利率环境以及优惠券与可能带来更高的新旧债券的比较或更低的优惠券。例如,如果利率下降且新债券的优惠券反映了较低的利率环境,那么在高利率环境下发行的具有高息票的债券将在市场上变得更有价值。这是术语点差作为比较手段的地方。 新西兰梅西大学金融Essay代写:债券估值 In terms of bond valuation, several factors are at work. For example, the issuing company's credit rating can affect the market price of the bond. The higher the credit rating of the issuing entity, the lower the investment risk and the higher the value of the bond. Other factors that may affect the bond market price include the maturity date or the time remaining before expiration. Finally, perhaps the most important factor associated with the term spread is the coupon rate, especially compared to the general interest rate environment at the time. Given that fixed-rate coupon bonds will pay the same percentage of face value, the market price of the bond will change over time, depending on the current interest rate environment and the comparison or lower of the coupon with new and old bonds that may result in higher Coupon. For example, if interest rates fall and new bond coupons reflect a lower interest rate environment, bonds with high...
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