但是，自1984年以来，这些罚款已大大增加。美国人口普查局指出，根据标题18的3571节，拒绝回答调查局调查的罚款可能高达5,000美元，而明知提供虚假信息的罚款高达10,000美元。 在处以罚款之前，人口普查局通常试图亲自联系并采访未能回答人口普查问卷的人。 在每次人口普查之后的每个月（每10年进行一次）中，超过150万的人口普查员对所有未能回复邮件普查问卷的家庭进行逐户访问。 人口普查员将协助家庭成员（必须年满15岁）填写人口普查表。 可以通过徽章和人口普查局的手提袋识别人口普查工作人员。
However, these fines have increased significantly since 1984. The U.S. Census Bureau states that under Section 3571 of Title 18, fines for refusing to answer the Bureau of Investigation investigations may be as high as $ 5,000, while fines for knowingly providing false information are as high as $ 10,000. Before the fine was imposed, the Census Bureau usually tried to contact and interview people who failed to answer the census questionnaire. In each month (every 10 years) after each census, more than 1.5 million census takers visited every household that failed to respond to the mail census questionnaire. The census officer will assist family members (must be at least 15 years old) to complete the census form. Census workers can be identified by badges and tote bags from the Census Bureau.