在国际关系中,制裁是各国和非政府机构用来影响或惩罚其他国家或非国家行为者的工具。大多数制裁都是经济性的,但它们也可能带来外交或军事后果的威胁。制裁可以是单方面的,这意味着制裁只能由一个国家或双边国家施加,这意味着一个国家集团(如贸易集团)正在施加惩罚。对外关系委员会将制裁定义为“外交与战争之间的低成本,低风险,中间行动方案”。金钱是中间路线,经济制裁是手段。一些最常见的惩罚性财务措施包括:关税:进口货物附加费,通常用于援助国内产业和市场。配额:限制可能进口或出口的货物数量。禁运:限制或停止与一个国家或一团国家的贸易。这些可能包括限制或禁止个人往返国家旅行。非关税壁垒:这些壁垒旨在通过遵守繁重的监管要求使外国商品更加昂贵。资产扣押/冻结:捕获或持有国家,公民的金融资产,或防止出售或转移这些资产。

新西兰梅西大学财务论文代写:惩罚性财务

In international relations, sanctions are tools used by States and non-government agencies to influence or punish other states or non-state actors. Most sanctions are economic, but they can also pose a threat of diplomatic or military consequences. Sanctions can be unilateral, meaning that sanctions can only be imposed by one country or a bilateral country, which means that a group of countries (such as a trading group) is imposing penalties. The Foreign Relations Committee defines sanctions as “a low-cost, low-risk, intermediate action plan between diplomacy and war”. Money is the middle route, and economic sanctions are the means. Some of the most common punitive financial measures include: Tariffs: Imported goods surcharges, usually used to assist domestic industries and markets. Quota: Limit the quantity of goods that may be imported or exported. Embargo: Limit or stop trade with a country or group of countries. These may include restricting or prohibiting individuals from travelling to and from the country. Non-tariff barriers: These barriers are designed to make foreign goods more expensive by complying with heavy regulatory requirements. Asset seizure/freezing: capture or hold the state, citizens’ financial assets, or prevent the sale or transfer of these assets.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注