In international relations, sanctions are tools used by States and non-government agencies to influence or punish other states or non-state actors. Most sanctions are economic, but they can also pose a threat of diplomatic or military consequences. Sanctions can be unilateral, meaning that sanctions can only be imposed by one country or a bilateral country, which means that a group of countries (such as a trading group) is imposing penalties. The Foreign Relations Committee defines sanctions as “a low-cost, low-risk, intermediate action plan between diplomacy and war”. Money is the middle route, and economic sanctions are the means. Some of the most common punitive financial measures include: Tariffs: Imported goods surcharges, usually used to assist domestic industries and markets. Quota: Limit the quantity of goods that may be imported or exported. Embargo: Limit or stop trade with a country or group of countries. These may include restricting or prohibiting individuals from travelling to and from the country. Non-tariff barriers: These barriers are designed to make foreign goods more expensive by complying with heavy regulatory requirements. Asset seizure/freezing: capture or hold the state, citizens’ financial assets, or prevent the sale or transfer of these assets.