标签理论指出,人们以反映他人标签方式的方式来识别和表现自己。 该理论最常与犯罪社会学联系在一起,因为标记非法违法者会导致不良行为。 例如,将某人形容为罪犯,可能会导致其他人更负面地对待该人,进而使该人行事。 标签理论的思想在1960年代在美国社会学中得到了蓬勃发展,这在很大程度上要归功于社会学家霍华德·贝克尔(Howard Becker)。 但是,其核心思想可以追溯到创建法国社会学家Emile Durkheim的工作。 美国社会学家乔治·赫伯特·米德(George Herbert Mead)的理论将自我的社会建构框架化为涉及与他人互动的过程,这也影响了它的发展。 学者Frank Tannenbaum,Edwin Lemert,Albert Memmi,Erving Goffman和David Matza也在标签理论的发展和研究中发挥了作用。

新西兰坎特伯雷社会学Essay代写:社会建构框架化

Label theory states that people identify and express themselves in a way that reflects the way others label. This theory is most often linked to the sociology of crime, as marking illegal offenders can lead to bad behavior. For example, describing someone as a criminal may lead others to treat the person more negatively, which in turn will make the person act. The idea of label theory flourished in American sociology in the 1960s, thanks in large part to the sociologist Howard Becker. But its core idea goes back to the work of the French sociologist Emile Durkheim. The theory of American sociologist George Herbert Mead framed the social construction of the self as a process involving interaction with others, which also affected its development. Scholars Frank Tannenbaum, Edwin Lemert, Albert Memmi, Erving Goffman and David Matza have also played a role in the development and research of label theory.

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