一些宗教与政治之间的关系仍然是政治哲学中的一个重要主题,尽管政治理论家和实际政治背景(如联合国)就良心自由权和某些人的需要达成了共识。教会与国家之间的分离。这一主题重要性的一个原因是,宗教往往强烈要求人们效忠,普遍的宗教对所有人,而不仅仅是一个特定的社区提出这些主张。例如,伊斯兰教传统上认为所有人都应该服从真主的意志。因此,宗教承诺有时可能与政治要求发生冲突,这可能是不可避免的。但宗教信仰和做法也可能在很多方面支持政治。这种支持的程度和形式对政治哲学家和冲突的可能性同样重要。此外,对少数群体以及他们应得的政治权利和应享权利的兴趣日益增加。这种兴趣的一个结果是对少数群体的特殊关注和需求给予了大量关注,这些群体以其宗教而不是种族,性别或财富而着称。本文探讨了宗教和政治可能交叉的各种方式所引发的一些哲学问题。前两个主要部分专门讨论在以前的时代,特别是早期现代时期非常重要的主题,尽管在这两个部分中都讨论了对这些主题的类比,这些主题对当代政治思想更为紧迫:(1)建立一个教会或信仰与完全分离教会和国家; (2)宽容与宗教信仰的强制,以及宗教实践与政治权威之间目前的冲突。第二对部分专门讨论了大多数问题,这些问题在最近才引起讨论:(3)自由公民身份及其对私人自我理解的要求; (4)宗教在公共审议中的作用。

新西兰惠灵顿大学政治学Assignment代写:宗教与政治

The relation between religion and politics continues to be an important theme in political philosophy, despite the emergent consensus (both among political theorists and in practical political contexts, such as the United Nations) on the right to freedom of conscience and on the need for some sort of separation between church and state. One reason for the importance of this topic is that religions often make strong claims on people’s allegiance, and universal religions make these claims on all people, rather than just a particular community. For example, Islam has traditionally held that all people owe obedience to Allah’s will. Thus, it is probably inevitable that religious commitments will sometimes come into conflict with the demands of politics. But religious beliefs and practices also potentially support politics in many ways. The extent and form of this support is as important to political philosophers as is the possibility for conflict. Moreover, there has been a growing interest in minority groups and the political rights and entitlements they are due. One result of this interest is substantial attention given to the particular concerns and needs of minority groups who are distinguished by their religion, as opposed to ethnicity, gender, or wealth. This article surveys some of the philosophical problems raised by the various ways in which religion and politics may intersect. The first two main sections are devoted to topics that have been important in previous eras, especially the early modern era, although in both sections there is discussion of analogs to these topics that are more pressing for contemporary political thought: (1) establishment of a church or faith versus complete separation of church and state; and (2) toleration versus coercion of religious belief, and current conflicts between religious practice and political authority. The second pair of sections is devoted to problems that, for the most part, have come to the fore of discussion only in recent times: (3) liberal citizenship and its demands on private self-understanding; and (4) the role of religion in public deliberation.

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