留在患者体内的最常见物体是针和海绵。特别是海绵难以跟踪,因为它们在手术期间用于吸收血液并且倾向于与患者的器官和组织融合。这些事件最常发生在腹部手术期间。手术物体留在患者体内的最常见区域是腹部,阴道和胸腔。出于多种原因,手术物体无意地留在患者体内。医院通常依靠护士或技术人员来跟踪手术期间使用的海绵和其他手术工具的数量。由于手术紧急情况导致的疲劳或混乱,可能会导致人为错误。有几个因素会增加手术后遗留物体的风险。这些因素包括手术期间发生的意外变化,患者的体重指数高,需要多个手术,涉及多个手术团队的手术以及涉及更多失血的手术。手术工具留在患者体内的后果从无害到致命。患者可能会持续数月或数年没有意识到他们的体内有外来手术物体。海绵和其他外科手术器具可导致感染,严重疼痛,消化系统问题,发烧,肿胀,内出血,内脏器官损伤,阻塞,内脏器官损失,住院时间延长,移除手术的额外手术或甚至死亡。

新西兰惠灵顿大学医学Essay代写:手术后最常留在体内的物体

The most common objects left inside a patient are needles and sponges. Sponges, in particular, are difficult to keep track of as they are used to soak up blood during surgery and tend to blend in with the patient’s organs and tissues. These incidences happen most often during abdominal surgery. The most common areas in which surgical objects are left inside a patient are the abdomen, vagina, and the chest cavity. Surgical objects are unintentionally left inside a patient for a number of reasons. Hospitals typically rely on nurses or technicians to keep track of the number of sponges and other surgical tools used during surgery. Human error comes into play as incorrect counts can be made due to fatigue or chaos as a result of a surgical emergency. Several factors can increase the risk that an object may be left behind after surgery. These factors include unexpected changes that occur during surgery, the patient’s body mass index is high, multiple procedures are needed, procedures involving more than one surgical team, and procedures involving greater blood loss. The consequences of having surgical tools left inside a patient’s body vary from harmless to fatal. Patients may go for months or years not realizing that they have foreign surgical objects within their bodies. Sponges and other surgical implements can lead to infection, severe pain, digestive system problems, fever, swelling, internal bleeding, damage to internal organs, obstructions, loss of part of an internal organ, prolonged hospital stays, additional surgery to remove the object or even death.

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