从1989年开始，波兰，捷克斯洛伐克和南斯拉夫等华沙条约苏联卫星国家的民族主义运动导致政权更迭。由于前苏联盟国沿着种族划分，在几个苏维埃共和国 – 最引人注目的是乌克兰 – 出现了类似的分离主义独立运动。即使在第二次世界大战期间，乌克兰叛乱军队还为乌克兰独立进行了针对德国和苏联的游击战。约瑟夫斯大林于1953年去世后，作为苏联新领导人的尼基塔·赫鲁晓夫允许乌克兰民族复兴，并于1954年，乌克兰苏维埃社会主义共和国成为联合国的创始成员。然而，苏联中央政府继续在乌克兰镇压政治和文化权利，刺激了其他共和国的分离主义运动，这些共和国致命地破坏了苏联。自1961年以来，守卫严密的柏林墙将德国分为苏联共产党统治的东德和民主的西德。隔离墙阻止了 – 通常是暴力不满的东德人逃离西方的自由。
Since 1989, the nationalist movements of the Warsaw Satellite States of Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia have led to regime change. Since the former Soviet Union countries were divided along the race, in several Soviet republics – most notably Ukraine – there appeared a similar separatist independence movement. Even during the Second World War, the Ukrainian rebel army conducted guerrilla warfare against Germany and the Soviet Union for independence. After Joseph Stalin died in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev, the new leader of the Soviet Union, allowed the Ukrainian national renaissance. In 1954, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic became a founding member of the United Nations. However, the Soviet Central Government continued to suppress political and cultural rights in Ukraine, stimulating separatist movements in other republics that fatally destroyed the Soviet Union. Since 1961, the guarded Berlin Wall has divided Germany into the East German and democratic West Germany ruled by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The wall has stopped – usually the violent dissatisfied East Germans fleeing the freedom of the West.