美国人经常不同意政府在经济中的适当作用。美国历史上对监管政策的有时不一致的方法证明了这一点。但正如Christoper Conte和Albert Karr在他们的作品“美国经济概论”中指出的那样，美国对自由市场的承诺自21世纪初以来不断持续，即使美国的资本主义经济仍在进行中。美国人对“自由企业”的信仰并没有也没有排除政府的主要作用。很多时候，美国人依靠政府来分解或监管那些似乎正在发展如此强大以至于无法抗拒市场力量的公司。总的来说，从20世纪30年代到20世纪70年代，政府变得更大，并在经济中更积极地进行干预。公民依靠政府来解决私营经济在从教育到保护环境等各个领域所忽视的问题。尽管他们倡导市场原则，但美国人有时会利用政府来培育新的产业，甚至保护美国公司免受竞争。但是，20世纪60年代和70年代的经济困难让美国人对政府解决许多社会和经济问题的能力持怀疑态度。主要的社会项目 – 包括社会保障和医疗保险，分别为老年人提供退休收入和医疗保险 – 在这一复议期间幸存下来。但是，联邦政府的整体增长在20世纪80年代放缓。美国人的实用主义和灵活性导致了异常活跃的经济。变化 – 无论是通过增长富裕，技术创新还是与其他国家的贸易增长而产生 – 在美国经济史上一直是不变的。因此，曾经的农业国家今天远远超过100年，甚至50年前的城市和郊区。与传统制造相比，服务变得越来越重要。在某些行业，大规模生产已经让位于更专业化的生产，强调产品多样性和定制。大公司以多种方式合并，分拆和重组。在20世纪中期不存在的新兴产业和公司现在在国家的经济生活中发挥着重要作用。雇主变得不那么家长式，雇员应该更加自立。越来越多的政府和企业领导者强调培养高技能和灵活的劳动力的重要性，以确保该国未来的经济成功。
Americans often disagree with the proper role of the government in the economy. This is evidenced by the sometimes inconsistent approach to regulatory policy in US history. But as Christoper Conte and Albert Karr pointed out in their work “Introduction to the American Economy,” the US commitment to the free market has continued since the beginning of the 21st century, even though the US capitalist economy is still in progress. Americans’ belief in “free enterprise” does not exclude the main role of the government. Many times, Americans rely on the government to break down or supervise companies that seem to be developing so powerfully that they can’t resist market forces. In general, from the 1930s to the 1970s, the government became bigger and intervened more aggressively in the economy. Citizens rely on the government to solve problems that the private economy ignores in various fields, from education to environmental protection. Although they advocate market principles, Americans sometimes use the government to nurture new industries and even protect US companies from competition. However, the economic difficulties of the 1960s and 1970s made Americans skeptical about the government’s ability to solve many social and economic problems. Major social projects – including social security and health insurance, provide retirement income and medical insurance for the elderly – survived this reconsideration. However, the overall growth of the federal government slowed down in the 1980s. American pragmatism and flexibility have led to an extremely active economy. Change – whether through growth affluence, technological innovation or trade growth with other countries – has remained constant in the history of the US economy. Therefore, the former agricultural countries today are far more than 100 years, even 50 years ago in cities and suburbs. Service is becoming more and more important compared to traditional manufacturing. In some industries, mass production has given way to more specialized production, emphasizing product diversity and customization. Large companies are consolidated, split and reorganized in a variety of ways. Emerging industries and companies that did not exist in the mid-20th century now play an important role in the country’s economic life. Employers become less patriarchal and employees should be more self-reliant. A growing number of government and business leaders emphasize the importance of developing a highly skilled and flexible workforce to ensure the country’s future economic success.