虽然个别大陆及其物种在漂流时必须适应新的气候,但它们也面临着不同类型的气候变化。地球周期性地在地球上非常寒冷的冰河时期之间转移到极热的条件下。这些变化是由于各种因素造成的,例如我们围绕太阳的轨道发生微小变化,洋流变化,以及二氧化碳等温室气体的积聚,以及其他内部资源。无论原因如何,这些突然或渐进的气候变化迫使物种适应和进化。极端寒冷的时期通常会导致冰川作用,从而降低海平面。生活在水生生物群系中的任何东西都会受到这种气候变化的影响。同样,迅速升高的温度会融化冰帽并提高海平面。事实上,极端寒冷或极端高温时期经常导致物种大规模灭绝,这些物种无法在整个地质时间尺度内及时适应。尽管规模可能导致广泛破坏并推动进化的火山爆发几乎没有,但它们确实发生了。事实上,在19世纪80年代的有记录的历史中发生过一次这样的喷发。印度尼西亚的喀拉喀托火山爆发,灰烬和碎片的数量通过阻挡太阳而成功地降低了当年的全球温度。虽然这对进化有一些鲜为人知的影响,但据推测,如果几个火山大约在同一时间以这种方式爆发,它可能会导致气候的一些严重变化,从而导致物种的变化。在地质时间尺度的早期阶段,地球上有大量非常活跃的火山。虽然地球上的生命刚刚开始,但这些火山可能有助于物种的早期物种形成和适应,以帮助创造随着时间的推移而持续的生命多样性。

新西兰环卡托大学地质论文代写:喀拉喀托火山

Although individual continents and their species must adapt to the new climate while drifting, they also face different types of climate change. The Earth periodically shifts to extremely hot conditions between the very cold ice ages of the Earth. These changes are caused by various factors, such as small changes in the orbit around the sun, changes in ocean currents, and the accumulation of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, as well as other internal resources. Regardless of the cause, these sudden or gradual climate changes force species to adapt and evolve. Extremely cold periods usually lead to glaciers, which lower sea levels. Anything that lives in the aquatic biome will be affected by this climate change. Similarly, a rapidly rising temperature will melt the ice cap and increase sea level. In fact, extreme cold or extreme high temperatures often lead to mass extinction of species that are unable to adapt in time to the entire geological time scale. Although there are few volcanic eruptions that can cause widespread damage and promote evolution, they do. In fact, one such eruption occurred in the recorded history of the 1880s. The volcanic eruption of the Krakato in Indonesia, the number of ash and debris, successfully reduced the global temperature of the year by blocking the sun. Although this has little known impact on evolution, it is speculated that if several volcanoes erupt in this way at about the same time, it may cause some serious changes in the climate, leading to changes in species. In the early stages of the geological time scale, there are a large number of very active volcanoes on Earth. Although life on Earth has just begun, these volcanoes may contribute to the early species formation and adaptation of species to help create sustainable biodiversity over time.

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