人们可以做些什么来克服Dunning-Kruger效应？关于Dunning-Kruger效应的TED-Ed视频提供了一些建议：“继续学习。”事实上，在他们的一项着名研究中，Dunning和Kruger让一些参与者进行了逻辑测试，然后完成了逻辑上的简短培训。推理。培训结束后，要求参与者评估他们在之前的测试中的表现。研究人员发现培训有所不同：之后，得分低于25％的参与者降低了他们认为他们在初步测试中的表现。换句话说，克服Dunning-Kruger效应的一种方法可能是了解有关主题的更多信息。然而，当更多地了解一个主题时，重要的是要确保我们避免确认偏见，即“接受证实我们信仰的证据并拒绝与其相矛盾的证据的倾向。”正如邓宁解释的那样，克服Dunning-Kruger效果有时可能是一个复杂的过程，特别是如果它迫使我们意识到我们之前被误导了。他的建议？他解释说“诀窍是成为你自己的魔鬼的拥护者：思考你喜欢的结论如何被误导;要问问自己，你可能会出现什么样的错误，或者事情的结果与你的期望有什么不同。“Dunning-Kruger效应表明我们可能并不总是像我们想象的那样知道 – 在某些领域，我们可能不知道足够了解一个话题，意识到我们不熟练。然而，通过挑战自己学习更多知识并阅读反对观点，我们可以努力克服Dunning-Kruger效应。
What can people do to overcome the Dunning-Kruger effect? The TED-Ed video on the Dunning-Kruger effect provides some suggestions: “Continue to learn.” In fact, in one of their famous studies, Dunning and Kruger let some participants perform a logic test and then completed the logic. Short training. reasoning. After the training, participants were asked to assess their performance in previous tests. The researchers found that the training was different: after that, participants who scored less than 25% reduced their perceived performance in the initial test. In other words, one way to overcome the Dunning-Kruger effect might be to learn more about the topic. However, when learning more about a topic, it is important to ensure that we avoid identifying biases, “the tendency to accept evidence that confirms our beliefs and reject evidence that contradicts them.” As Dunning explained, overcoming Dunning- The Kruger effect can sometimes be a complicated process, especially if it forces us to realize that we were misled before. His advice? He explained that “诀窍 is the advocate of your own devil: thinking about how your favorite conclusions are misled; ask yourself what kind of mistakes you may have, or what the outcome of the event is different from your expectations. “The Dunning-Kruger effect suggests that we may not always know as we imagined – in some areas, we may not know enough about a topic to realize that we are not skilled. However, by challenging ourselves to learn more and read against ideas, we can work to overcome the Dunning-Kruger effect.