例如,考虑对某种好的需求 – 阿司匹林。当那个制造商 – 我们称之为制造商X – 提高价格时,对一个制造商的阿司匹林产品的需求会发生什么?考虑到这个问题,考虑一种不同的情况:对世界上最昂贵的新汽车Koenigsegg CCXR Trevita的需求。其报道的零售价格为480万美元。如果制造商将价格提高至520万美元或将其降至440万美元,您会发生什么?现在,回到零售价格上涨之后制造商X的阿司匹林产品需求的问题。如果你猜测X的阿司匹林需求可能大幅下降,那么你是对的。这是有道理的,因为,首先,每个制造商的阿司匹林产品与另一个制造商的阿司匹林产品本质上是相同的 – 在选择一个制造商的产品时没有任何健康优势。其次,该产品可以从其他制造商那里广泛获得 – 消费者总是有多种选择。所以,当消费者选择阿司匹林产品时,将制造商X的产品与其他产品区分开来的少数几个因素之一就是成本稍高一点。那么为什么消费者会选择X?那么,有些人可能会继续购买习惯或品牌忠诚度的阿司匹林X,但许多人可能不会。

新西兰奥克兰理工大学Assignment代写:供给的价格弹性

Consider the demand for a certain good — aspirin, for example. What happens to the demand for one manufacturer’s aspirin product when that manufacturer — which we’ll call manufacturer X — raises the price? Keeping that question in mind, consider a different situation: the demand for the world’s most expensive new automobile, the Koenigsegg CCXR Trevita. Its reported retail price is $4.8 million. What do you think might happen if the manufacturer raised the price to $5.2M or lowered it to $4.4M? Now, return to the question of the demand for manufacturer X’s aspirin product following an increase in the retail price. If you guessed that the demand for X’s aspirin might decline substantially, you’d be right. It makes sense, because, first, every manufacturer’s aspirin product is essentially the same as another’s — there’s no health advantage whatsoever in selecting one manufacturer’s product over another. Second, the product is widely available from a number of other manufacturer’s — the consumer always has a number available choices. So, when a consumer selects an aspirin product, one of the few things that distinguish manufacturer X’s product from others is that it costs a little more. So why would the consumer choose X? Well, some might continue to buy aspirin X out of habit or brand loyalty, but many very probably would not.

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