新西兰奥克兰大学Essay代写:概念化自我

在这项研究的基础上,Tajfel在1972年首次定义了社会认同的概念。社会认同的概念被创建为一种考虑基于一个人所属社会群体来概念化自我的方式。然后,Tajfel和他的学生John Turner于1979年介绍了社会认同理论。该理论旨在阐明引导人们定义其群体成员资格的认知过程和通过有利地比较他们的社会群体使人们保持积极的社会认同的动机过程。到其他团体。社会认同理论规定了个人进行组内/组外分类的三个心理过程。第一个过程,即社会分类,是我们将个人组织成社会群体以理解我们的社会世界的过程。这个过程使我们能够根据我们所属的群体来定义人,包括我们自己。我们倾向于根据他们的社会类别来定义人,而不是他们的个人特征。 新西兰奥克兰大学Essay代写:概念化自我 Based on this research, Tajfel first defined the concept of social identity in 1972. The concept of social identity was created as a way to conceptualize self based on a social group to which a person belongs. Then, Tajfel and his student John Turner introduced the theory of social identity in 1979. The theory aims to illuminate the cognitive processes that lead people to define their group membership and the motivational process of enabling people to maintain positive social identity by beneficially comparing their social groups. To other groups. The social identity theory stipulates three psychological processes for individuals to perform intra-group/out-group classification. The first process, social classification, is the process by which we organize individuals into social groups to understand our social world. This process allows us to define people based on the group we belong to, including ourselves. We tend to define people based on their social category, not their personal characteristics....
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新西兰奥克兰大学Essay代写:记录习惯

集体意识(有时是集体良知或意识)是一种基本的社会学概念,指的是社会群体或社会共有的共同信念,思想,态度和知识。集体意识表达了我们的归属感和认同感以及我们的行为。创始社会学家埃米尔·迪尔凯姆(ÉmileDurkheim)发展了这一概念,以解释独特个体如何被捆绑在一起成为社会团体和社会等集体单位。是什么让社会团结在一起?这是涂尔干在撰写关于19世纪新工业社会时所关注的核心问题。通过考虑传统和原始社会的记录习惯,习俗和信仰,并将这些与他在自己生活中所看到的相比较,Durkheim制定了一些社会学中最重要的理论。他总结说,社会存在是因为独特的个体感受到彼此的团结感。这就是为什么我们可以组建集体并共同努力实现社区和功能社会。他用法语写下的集体意识或良心集体是这种团结的源泉。 新西兰奥克兰大学Essay代写:记录习惯 Collective consciousness (sometimes collective conscience or consciousness) is a basic sociological concept that refers to the common beliefs, thoughts, attitudes and knowledge shared by social groups or society. Collective consciousness expresses our sense of belonging and identity and our behavior. The founding sociologist Émile Durkheim developed this concept to explain how unique individuals are tied together into collective units such as social groups and society. What makes society unite? This is the core concern of Durkheim when writing about the new industrial society of the 19th century. By considering the recording habits, customs and beliefs of traditional and primitive societies and comparing them to what he sees in his own life, Durkheim has developed some of the most important theories in sociology. He concluded that social existence is because unique individuals feel the sense of unity of each other. This is why we can form a collective and work together to achieve a community and a functional society. The collective...
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新西兰奥克兰大学Essay代写:兰德公司智库

1971年6月,曾为兰德公司智库工作的前美国军事分析家丹尼尔埃尔斯伯格在向纽约时报和其他报纸发表五角大楼文件时发起了一场政治风暴,这是五角大楼关于总统理查德尼克松及其政府的绝密报道。在进行和继续美国参与越南战争的决策过程中。 1973年1月3日,埃尔斯伯格被指控违反了1917年的间谍法,以及盗窃和阴谋。总之,对他的指控最高可判处115年徒刑。然而,1973年5月11日,在发现政府非法收集并处理了针对他的证据之后,威廉·马修·拜恩法官驳回了对埃尔斯伯格的所有指控。 2013年7月,前美国陆军私人头等舱切尔西曼宁因违反“间谍法”而被军方军事法庭定罪,涉及她将近750,000份关于伊拉克和阿富汗战争的机密或敏感军事文件披露给揭发者网站维基解密。这些文件载有关于被关押在关塔那摩湾的700多名囚犯,美国在阿富汗空袭,杀害平民,25万多条敏感的美国外交电报以及其他陆军报告的信息。最初面临22项指控,其中包括帮助可能带来死刑的敌人,曼宁对其中的10项控罪表示认罪。在2013年6月的法庭军事审判中,曼宁因21项指控而被定罪,但被指控无罪。曼宁被判处在堪萨斯州莱文沃思堡最高安全纪律营地服刑35年。然而,在2017年1月17日,美国总统巴拉克奥巴马将她的判决减为她已经被关押的近七年。 新西兰奥克兰大学Essay代写:兰德公司智库 In June 1971, former US military analyst Daniel Elsberg, who worked for the RAND think tank, launched a political storm when he published the Pentagon documents to the New York Times and other newspapers. This is the Pentagon’s president Richard. Nixon and his government's top secret report. In the process of making and continuing the US decision to participate in the Vietnam War. On January 3, 1973, Elsberg was accused of violating the 1917 espionage law, as well as theft and conspiracy. In short, the charges against him can be punishable by up to 115 years in prison. However, on May 11, 1973, after discovering that the government had illegally collected and processed evidence against him, Judge William Matthew Byrne dismissed all charges against Elsberg. In July 2013, former US Army private first class Chelsea Manning was convicted by a military military court for violating the “spy law”, involving her disclosure of nearly 750,000 confidential or sensitive military...
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