A well-managed militia is necessary for the security of a free country. The people have the right to retain and carry weapons and should not be violated. Now that the United States is protected by a well-trained volunteer army rather than a militia, is the Second Amendment still valid? Does the “Second Amendment” specifically provide weapons for the supply of civilian militias, or does it guarantee the universal right to bear weapons alone? Prior to DC v. Heller (2008), the US Supreme Court never abolished the gun control law for the Second Amendment. The two cases most commonly cited in relation to the Second Amendment are: US v. Cruikshank (1875), in which the US Supreme Court rejected the 1870 federal law, which punishes individuals in a manner that infringes on the civil rights of others, using the fourteenth amendment. Case to justify its federal government intervention in law enforcement (generally reserved for states). The test case was the 1873 Colfax massacre in which more than 100 African-Americans were murdered by the White Alliance, a radical white supremacist organization that was in Louise for decades after the American Civil War. The state is very active. Chief Justice Morrison Wetter issued a ruling stating that the law is unconstitutional. Although the case was not directly related to the Second Amendment, Wetter did briefly outline the right of an individual to carry weapons in the right to be protected by federal law. The United States v. Miller (1939), in which two bank robbers violated the 1934 “National Firearms Act” and carried a sawn off shotgun on the state line. After the bank robbers questioned the law of the Second Amendment, Judge James C. McLeodold delivered a majority ruling that the Second Amendment had nothing to do with the case, in part because the sawgun that was cut off was not the standard used by the American militia. arms.