随着个别国家对“宪法”的批准进行辩论，支持宪法的联邦党人和反对联邦党人的反对联邦党人之间的更广泛的全国辩论 – 在发表文章的演讲和广泛收集中肆虐。这些文章中最着名的是联邦主义者论文，由约翰杰伊，詹姆斯麦迪逊和/或亚历山大汉密尔顿各自撰写，他们都解释并支持新宪法;以“布鲁图斯”（罗伯特耶茨）和“联邦农民”（理查德亨利李）等几个假名出版的反联邦主义者论文反对宪法。在争论最激烈的时候，着名的革命爱国者帕特里克·亨利宣布反对宪法，从而成为反联邦派的傀儡。反联邦党人的论点在一些州比其他州更具影响力。虽然特拉华州，佐治亚州和新泽西州几乎立即投票批准宪法，但北卡罗来纳州和罗德岛州拒绝继续进行，直到明显最终批准不可避免。在罗德岛州，反对宪法几乎达到了暴力的程度，当时有1000多名武装的反联邦主义者在普罗维登斯游行。由于担心强大的联邦政府可能会减少人民的个人自由，一些州要求在宪法中纳入一项具体的权利法案。例如，马萨诸塞州同意批准“宪法”，条件是它将以一项权利法案进行修订。新罕布什尔州，弗吉尼亚州和纽约州也批准了有条件，等待在宪法中列入权利法案。一旦“宪法”于1789年获得批准，国会就向各州提交了一份12项权利修正案清单，供其批准。各州迅速批准了10项修正案;今天被称为权利法案的十个人。 1789年未批准的2项修正案之一最终成为1992年批准的第27修正案。在最终通过宪法和权利法案后，一些前反联邦主义者继续加入由托马斯杰斐逊和詹姆斯麦迪逊组成的反政府党。反对财政部长亚历山大·汉密尔顿的银行和金融计划。反政府党很快将成为民主共和党，杰斐逊和麦迪逊将继续当选为美国的第三和第四任总统。
As individual countries debated the ratification of the Constitution, the federalists who supported the Constitution and the broader national debate against the Federalists against the Federalists – raged in the speeches and extensive collections of published articles. The most famous of these articles is the federalist paper, written by John Jay, James Madison and/or Alexander Hamilton, who both explain and support the new constitution; to “Brutus” (Robert Yates) and The “Federal Farmers” (Richard Henry Lee) and several other pseudonyms published anti-federal papers against the Constitution. At the height of the debate, the famous revolutionary patriot Patrick Henry declared his opposition to the Constitution and became an anti-federalist. The arguments of the anti-Federalists are more influential in some states than in other states. Although Delaware, Georgia, and New Jersey voted for the constitution almost immediately, North Carolina and Rhode Island refused to continue until the apparent final approval was inevitable. In Rhode Island, the opposition to the Constitution was almost violent, with more than 1,000 armed anti-Federalists marching in Providence. Because of fears that a strong federal government may reduce the individual freedom of the people, some states require a specific bill of rights to be included in the constitution. For example, Massachusetts agrees to ratify the Constitution, provided it will be amended by a bill of rights. New Hampshire, Virginia and New York also approved conditions to wait for the inclusion of a bill of rights in the Constitution. Once the Constitution was approved in 1789, Congress submitted a list of 12 rights amendments to the states for approval. The states quickly approved 10 amendments; today are called ten people in the Bill of Rights. One of the two amendments that were not approved in 1789 eventually became the 27th Amendment approved in 1992. After the final adoption of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, some former anti-federalists continued to join the anti-government party consisting of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Against the bank and financial plan of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. The anti-government party will soon become the Democratic Republican Party, and Jefferson and Madison will continue to be elected as the third and fourth presidents of the United States.