当电报发明时,当时聪明的报业人员引起了注意。 “纽约先驱报”,“太阳报”和“论坛报”最近成立。这些报纸的所有者认为电报必将深刻影响所有报纸。那些报纸如何应对这种情况并利用即将发布的新闻,并且会越来越快地通过网络传播?一方面,报纸现在需要更好的印刷机械。美国的蒸汽动力印刷已经开始。在Samuel Morse努力完善电报的同时,Robert Hoe在美国推出了新的印刷机。在蒸汽动力之前,在美国印刷的报纸使用手工操作的印刷机。纽约太阳报是廉价现代报纸的先驱,于1833年手工印制,每小时400张纸是一台印刷机的最高速度。报纸出版商现在拥有快速的Hoe印刷机,便宜的纸张,可以通过机器进行铸造,具有刻板印象以及通过照相制版替代木材上的雕刻来制作图片的新过程。 Robert Hoe的双缸蒸汽驱动印刷机是一种改进,然而,Hoe的儿子发明了现代报纸印刷机。 1845年,Richard March Hoe发明了旋转印刷机或旋转印刷机,让报纸以每小时10万份的速度打印。然而,1885年的报纸仍然采用与本杰明富兰克林用于为宾夕法尼亚公报设置类型的方法相同的方式来设置它们的类型。合成者站在或坐在他的“案件”上,在他面前拿着他的“副本”,然后逐字逐句地挑选出类型,直到他填满并正确地划出一条线。然后他会设置另一条线,依此类推,一切都在他手中。工作完成后,必须再次分发类型,逐个字母。排版缓慢且昂贵。

美国贝兹学院传媒学论文代写:传播媒体的演变

Smart newspapermen of the time paid attention when the telegraph was invented. The New York Herald, the Sun and the Tribune had been founded recently. The proprietors of these newspapers saw that the telegraph was bound to affect all newspapers profoundly. How were the newspapers to cope with the situation and make use of the news that was coming in and would be coming in more and faster over the wires? For one thing, the newspapers now needed better printing machinery. Steam-powered printing in America had begun. New printing presses were introduced in the United States by Robert Hoe at the same time as Samuel Morse was struggling to perfect the telegraph. Before steam power, newspapers printed in the United States used presses operated by hand. The New York Sun, the pioneer of cheap modern newspapers, was printed by hand in 1833, and four hundred papers an hour was the highest speed of one press. Newspaper publishers now had the fast Hoe presses, cheap paper, could type cast by machinery, had stereotyping and the new process of making pictures by photoengraving replacing engraving on wood. Robert Hoe’s double-cylinder, steam-driven printing press was an improvement, however, it was Hoe’s son that invented the modern newspaper press. In 1845, Richard March Hoe invented the revolving or rotary press letting newspapers print at rates of a hundred thousand copies an hour. However, the newspapers of 1885, still set up their type by the same method that Benjamin Franklin used to set up the type for The Pennsylvania Gazette. The compositor stood or sat at his “case,” with his “copy” before him, and picked the type up letter by letter until he had filled and correctly spaced a line. Then he would set another line, and so on, all with his hands. After the job was completed, the type had to be distributed again, letter by letter. Typesetting was slow and expensive.

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