虽然消费是人们参与的行为,但社会学家认为消费主义是社会的特征,是构成我们的世界观,价值观,关系,身份和行为的强大意识形态。消费主义驱使我们通过消费来消费和寻求幸福和满足,作为资本主义社会的必要对应物,优先考虑大规模生产和无止境的销售增长。英国社会学家科林·坎贝尔(Colin Campbell)在“难以捉摸的消费”一书中将消费主义定义为一种社会条件,当消费对大多数人的生活“甚至不是实际中心”尤为重要时,甚至是“存在的目的”。当这种情况发生时,我们是我们如何将我们的需求,需求,欲望,渴望和对情感实现的追求引导到商品和服务的消费中,从而在社会中联系在一起。同样,美国社会学家罗伯特·邓恩在“消费社会中识别消费:主体和客体”中将消费主义描述为“诱惑性地将人们与大规模生产的系统联系起来的意识形态”。他认为,这种意识形态将消费“从手段变为目的”,以便获得商品成为我们身份和自我意识的基础。因此,“它的极端,消费主义将消费减少到一种治疗计划,以补偿生命的弊病,甚至是个人救赎的道路。”

澳大利亚纽卡斯尔大学社会学Essay代写:主体和客体

Although consumption is an act of people’s participation, sociologists believe that consumerism is a characteristic of society and a powerful ideology that constitutes our worldview, values, relationships, identities and behaviors. Consumerism drives us to consume and seek happiness and satisfaction through consumption, as a necessary counterpart to capitalist society, giving priority to mass production and endless sales growth. British sociologist Colin Campbell defines consumerism as a social condition in the book “Elusive Consumption,” when consumption is especially important for the lives of most people, not even the actual center. Even the “purpose of existence.” When this happens, we are how we connect our needs, needs, desires, aspirations, and the pursuit of emotional realization into the consumption of goods and services, thus connecting them in society. Similarly, American sociologist Robert Dunn described consumerism as “an ideology that tempts to link people to systems of mass production” in “Recognizing Consumption in Consumer Societies: Subjects and Objects.” He believes that this ideology transforms consumption from means to purpose, so that the acquisition of goods becomes the basis of our identity and self-awareness. Therefore, “it’s extreme, consumerism reduces consumption to a treatment plan to compensate for the ills of life, even the path of personal redemption.”

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