他要求孩子们尝试尽快转动卷轴。在某些情况下,孩子们自己完成任务,在其他时候,他们与另一个孩子竞争。 Triplett发现,在研究的40名儿童中,有20名儿童在比赛中工作更快。其中有10个孩子在比赛中的工作速度较慢(Triplett认为这可能是因为比赛刺激过度),而无论他们是否参加比赛,其中10个孩子的工作速度都相当快。换句话说,Triplett发现人们有时在其他人在场的情况下可以更快地工作,但这并非总是如此。在进行Triplett的研究后,其他研究人员也开始研究其他人员的存在如何影响任务绩效。 (1920年,弗洛伊德·艾尔波特(Floyd Allport)成为第一位使用“社会便利化”一词的心理学家。)但是,对社会便利化的研究导致了相互矛盾的结果:有时会发生社会便利化,但在其他情况下,当别人去做某件事时,人们的工作会变得更糟存在。

澳大利亚昆士兰大学社会学Essay代写:社会便利化

He asked the children to try to spin the reels as soon as possible. In some cases, children complete tasks themselves, and at other times they compete with another child. Triplett found that 20 of the 40 children studied worked faster in the competition. Ten of them worked slower during the game (Triplett believes this may be because the game was over-stimulated), and whether or not they participated in the game, 10 of them worked quite fast. In other words, Triplett found that people sometimes work faster in the presence of others, but this is not always the case. After the Triplett study, other researchers have begun to study how the presence of other people affects task performance. (In 1920, Floyd Allport became the first psychologist to use the term “social facilitation.”) However, research into social facilitation has led to conflicting results: Social facilitation sometimes occurs, but in other cases, people’s work becomes worse when others do something.

 

 

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